Althorp House has been the Spencer family home for over 500 years, but what lies in its history? We delved into our family history records and historical newspapers to discover its colorful past.
Princess Diana’s family tree boasts many illustrious branches, and the Spencer family of Althorp is just one of them. Back in 1765, Diana’s ancestor John Spencer was made the first Earl Spencer. But the history of Althorp House dates back even further when an earlier John Spencer bought the estate during the reign of Henry VII.
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Where is Althorp?
Althorp was Lady Diana Spencer’s family home. The family moved there in 1975 when her father became Earl Spencer, just before he married his second wife, Raine.
This was only two years before she met Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, whose tumultuous relationship is portrayed in the Netflix series The Crown.
A secret wedding
If you’ve seen The Duchess starring Keira Knightley, you’ll be familiar with the story of Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire. She was born Georgiana Spencer to John, 1st Earl Spencer, and his wife Margaret Poyntz. What’s less well known is how they married.
During Christmas of 1755, young John Spencer threw a grand party at Althorp House to celebrate his 21st birthday. The story goes that while the ball was in full swing, he and 18-year-old Margaret married in secret. Their firstborn daughter Georgiana was one of the most prominent societal and political figures of her day.
Georgiana Spencer was born at Althorp in 1757, the 4x great-aunt of Princess Diana. She was baptized in Wimbledon. Many parallels have been drawn between Georgiana and Diana, not least because they both experienced unhappy marriages.
A prominent family
The Spencer family acquired an incredible art collection over the years. In our newspapers, we spotted Earl Spencer lending several pieces for an exhibition at Agnew’s Galleries in 1947. The artwork included works by Rubens and Van Dyck.
We also discovered the family lending a Holbein portrait of Henry VIII to an exhibition in 1933. Once housed at Althorp, the portrait was later sold by the 7th Earl Spencer.
Through the keyhole
Later in the Northampton Mercury in 1914, we found a photograph of the Reynolds Room, one of the ‘magnificent apartments’ at Althorp House.
More servants than Downton Abbey?
We took a trip into the census records to discover more about Althorp House in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. What we found was that, like with most of the aristocracy, the family were rarely there. They had other residences, and as censuses were only taken once every 10 years, we often find Althorp inhabited by servants alone.
In fact, in 1851, we counted 13 servants in the main house alone, including three housemaids, two laundry maids, and an under-butler. Not unlike Downton Abbey, Althorp also boasted its own Scottish housekeeper.
We flipped further through the census and found more servants living in the stables and garden residences.
Skipping ahead a few decades, in 1901 we found John, 5th Earl Spencer at Althorp, with his wife Charlotte and an even longer list of servants, including a clerk, lady’s maids, stillroom maids, valets, and footmen.
What’s fascinating is the vast range in birthplaces: the staff came from France, London, Leicestershire, Devon, Hampshire, and beyond to work for the Spencer family.
In the 1939 Register, we found Diana’s grandfather Albert at Althorp, with his wife Cynthia and several servants.
It made us wonder what happened to the staff, the people who worked tirelessly to keep Althorp running day-to-day. On the 1939 Register, we can see that several of the female servants married: their maiden names were later crossed out.
Althorp House: Diana’s grave
When Diana, Princess of Wales was killed in a car crash in 1997, her remains were interred on a small island on the Althorp estate.
Other Althorp burials were mainly at the nearby St Mary the Virgin church in Great Brington, which include Diana’s father and the Tudor Sir John Spencer, who died in 1522.