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- US Census 1880
Records in this collection
- 1840 United States census, Revolutionary War veterans
- 1890 U.S. Census, Civil War Union Veterans and Widows
- Alabama State Census 1855
- Alabama State Census 1866
- California Great Registers 1866-1910
- California State Census 1852
- Colorado State Census 1885
- Florida State Census 1935
- Florida State Census 1945
- Minnesota State Census 1865
- Minnesota State Census 1875
- Minnesota State Census 1885
- Minnesota State Census 1895
- Minnesota State Census 1905
- Minnesota Territorial Census 1857
- South Carolina, legislative papers 1782-1929
- South Carolina, plats for state land grants 1784-1868
- South Dakota State Census 1905
- South Dakota State Census 1915
- South Dakota State Census 1925
- South Dakota State Census 1935
- South Dakota State Census 1945
- US Census 1790
- US Census 1800
- US Census 1810
- US Census 1820
- US Census 1830
- US Census 1840
- US Census 1850
- US Census 1850 Mortality Schedule
- US Census 1850 Slave Schedule
- US Census 1860
- US Census 1870
- US Census 1880
- US Census 1890
- US Census 1900
- US Census 1910
- US Census 1920
- US Census 1930
- US Census 1930 Merchant Seamen schedule
- US Census 1940 (Free Access)
1880 U.S. Census Quick Facts
- 1880 U.S. Census Date:
June 1, 1880
(All reported data is “as of” this official date chosen by the census agency)
- 1880 Census Duration:
- 1880 U.S. Census Population:
- President during 1880 Census:
Rutherford B. Hayes
1880 Census Data: 10th United States Census
- It took approximately $5,791,000 and 31,382 enumerators to complete the 1880 census, producing 21,458 total pages in published reports.
- The U.S. population increased by 26 percent from the 1870 census to the 1880 census.
Information requested by the 1880 U.S. Census
The 1880 census provided information about every individual in the house including:
- Relationship to head of household
- Marital status
- Profession, occupation, or trade of each person
- Whether able to read and write
- Place of birth (state, territory, or foreign country)
- Parents place of birth (state, territory, or foreign country)
What was lost from the 1880 U.S. Census?
No major loss of records for the 1880 Census.
Famous people in history: P.T. Barnum
Phineas Taylor Barnum was known as a showman, entertainer, ringmaster, as well as a scam artist, promoter of hoaxes and a poor investor. Barnum was born July 5, 1810 in Bethel, Connecticut, and after of life as a promoter of all kinds, at the age of 60 he debuted his "Greatest Show on Earth,” a long-running traveling circus that has continued to delight generations.
Barnum went to great lengths to gain a profit, including showcasing a fake “Feejee Mermaid” from Calcutta, promoting various sideshow curiosities, and presenting opera singer Jenny Lind at a reported $1,000 a night (an astronomical price at the time).
Barnum suffered a stroke in 1890 during a performance and died in 1891.
Historical events surrounding the 1880 US Census
- September 4, 1882: Thomas Edison’s Pearl Street Station became the first central power plant in the United States, generating electricity for 400 street lamps and 85 customers.
- June 17, 1885: The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York from France.
- November 1889: North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington all achieve statehood.