While searching for your military ancestor in the Britain, Campaign, Gallantry & Long Service Medals & Awards you may come across some abbreviations in the transcripts. Below we have listed a selection of abbreviations you may.


Many of the ranks within the RA have been abbreviated. The soldier's full substantive rank is given with any acting 'A', temporary 'T', or local 'L' rank in brackets afterwards.

Gnr - gunner

L/Bdr - lance bombardier

Bdr - bombardier

L/Sgt - lance sergeant

Sgt - sergeant

S/Sgt - staff sergeant

QMS - quartermaster sergeant

TSM - troop sergeant major

BQMS - battery quartermaster sergeant

RQMS - regimental quartermaster sergeant

BSM - battery sergeant major (warrant officer class 2)

WOII - warrant officer class 2

SM (AC) - sergeant major (artillery clerk)

RSM - regimental sergeant major (warrant officer class 1)

WOI - warrant officer class 1

2nd Lt - lieutenant

Lt - lieutenant

Lt Col - lieutenant colonel

Other abbreviations explained

U/P - unpaid

P/ - paid

Art. RA - artificer, Royal Artillery

Dvr - driver

(AC) - artillery clerk

( IG) - instructor in gunnery

(DO) - district officer

(DOIG) - district officer and instructor in gunnery

(QM) - quartermaster

(TIG) -technical instructor in gunnery


The unit the man was serving in at the time of the award

During the Second World War, the RA was organised with batteries in regiments. Their role was normally included in their title:

AOP - air observation post

LAA - light anti-aircraft

HAA - heavy anti-aircraft

Hy - heavy

Obs - observation

SL - searchlight

(M) - mixed

RHU - regimental holding unit

HQRA - headquarters Royal Artillery

TD - training depot


VC - Victoria Cross

GCB - Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the British Empire

KCB - Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath

KBE - Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire

CB - Companion, the Most Honourable Order of the Bath

CBE - Commander, the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire

OBE - Officer, the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire

MBE - Member, the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire

BEM - British Empire Medal

DSO - Distinguished Service Order

DSC - Distinguished Service Cross

MC - Military Cross

DFC - Distinguished Flying Cross

DCM - Distinguished Conduct Medal

GM - George Medal

DSM - Distinguished Service Medal

MM - Military Medal

DFM - Distinguished Flying Medal

MID - Mention in Despatches

CBC -Certificate for Brave Conduct

CIGS Certificate - Chief of the Imperial General Staff's Certificate

CinC Certificate - Commander in Chief's Certificate

MS Certificate - Meritorious Service Certificate

GC Cert - Good Conduct Certificate

GS Cert - Good Service Certificate

AFC – Air Force Cross

AFM – Air Force Medal

CGC – Certificate of Good Conduct

CMG – Order of St Michael and St George

MM – Military Medal

MSM – Meritorious Service Medal

QCB – Queen’s Commendation for bravery

QCVS – Queen’s Commendation for Valuable Service

QGM – Queen’s Gallantry Medal

RHS Testimonial – Testimonial from the Royal Humans Society

RVM – Royal Victorian Medal

RVO – Royal Victorian Order

US AM – United States Air Medal

US BS – United Stated Bronze Star Medal

US LoM – United States Legion of Merit


11 AGRO - 11 Army Group Regimental Orders

21 AGRO - 21 Army Group Regimental Orders

AACO - Anti-Aircraft Command Orders

AGRO - Army Group Regimental Orders

BEF - British Expeditionary Force

CMF - Central Mediterranean Force

MEF - Middle East Forces

BM - British Military Mission

DDMI - Department & Directorate of Military Intelligence

ECO - Eastern Command Orders

GRO - General Regimental Orders

LDO - London District Orders

MRA - Maritime Royal Artillery

MI - Military Intelligence

MS - Military Secretariat

NCO - Northern Command Orders

PW - Prisoner of War

RO - Regimental Orders

SCO - Southern Command Orders

SECO - South Eastern Command Orders

WCO - Western Command Orders